All you need to know about wine

Wine may be one of the most popular drinks, especially as the week moves towards the end and we all leave the office to celebrate life.

In addition to a long list of health benefits (when consumed in moderation), wine has a history that goes back centuries. The first discovered grape wine, with evidence found in the Zagros mountains, dates back to 5400 BC. The production of wine has quickly spread from middle east to Europe and further to the west.  The popularity of wine is also evidence in numerous mentions in old literature, for example Homer in 8 BC and Alkman 7 BC.

The English word ‘wine’ comes from word winam, which traces back to Latin word vinum, meaning grape vine.

Wine Varieties

We are all probably quite familiar with red, white and rose wine. In addition to these standard varieties, there are a few which you probably don’t come across very often, unless you happen to be a wine connoisseur.

Fruit Wines

Wines made from other fruits than grapes. Most popular varieties are cherry, apples and berries.

Mead (Honey Wine)

It created by fermenting honey with water, sometimes with addition of other ingredients for more flavour.

Starch-based wine

Barley wine and rice wine are made from starch based materials and are more closely related to beer, rather than wine. Other ones that are more similar to wine is for example ginger wine.

Wine Tasting

The most important part about wine is of course wine tasting. It enables us to enjoy all the aromas and flavours of wine, best if combined with perfectly paired cheese.

There are a few things you should keep in mind while tasting wine:

Sight – wine is more than just a flavour and aroma. Examine the colour of the wine against a clear background and notice the dark hues of red.

Smell – experts claim that not smelling the wine robs you of the whole tasting experience. Smell is a huge part of wine tasting and you should never miss it. If you are tasting a red wine, it should be ideally decanted for about 30 minutes before tasting. If you’re out of time, it’s best to let it sit in a glass for at least 5-10 minutes.

Taste – taste the wine by swirling it around in your mouth,  noticing all the different flavours and tones. Note the finish of the wine – is it smooth, tangy – does it inspire you to take another sip?

Wine Regions

If you’re a keen travel, one of the most enjoyable ways to see the world is through wine regions, especially the European ones.

Fancy to pick a few to start with ?

Here is a short list:

  • France – Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Pinot Noir, Grenache, Chardonnay
  • Italy – Sangiovese, Nebbiolo, Barbera, Pinot Grigio
  • USA – Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Merlot, Zinfandel
  • Argentina – Malbec
  • Chile – Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Australia – Shiraz, Chardonnay
  • Germany – Riesling, Sylvaner
  • Spain – Albarino, Palomino
  • New Zealand – Sauvignon Blanc, Pinot Noir
  • South Africa – Pinotage, Chenin Blanc

Now that you know all about the origins and tasting of wine, why not throw a bottle or two into a basket to take home or send friends as a gift?

You don’t have to go for vintage or rare wines to impress a friend who is a wine connoiseur.

At, we can help you make choosing the right wine for the right occasion as simple as counting to three.